supply - women in politics. # of women in society, less #s , education increased, so womens place in politices increased. more women working now and dont have time for politics.
demand -- polling states data says people dont wanna vote for women.
traditional selection method - way of choosing candidates instead of election. correlated with city size. mainly in rural areas. 1/6 of mexico uses it. low levels of women participation.
gender quotes - relection prohibitions , no job security. alternate positions. family member bans (wife cant follow political husband). TSM.
gender quota laws - only allow so many women in party. raised from 30 -> 50 % in 2002.
1985 earthquake -- mexico city struck by earthquake sept 19 .. 8.1 on the richter scale. 9,000 people killed. 100,000 left homeless. 400 buildings destroyed.
civil society - NGOs, environmental groups, charitable orgs. took off in 80s. .PRI has many ... 6 reasons it rises.. 1) urbanization 2) education 3) growth of middle class 4) globalization 5) catholic church 6) govt mistakes
Act as a check on the Govt. , weaker in south than North.
Resource Mobilization Theory - theory closely tied with feminist groups and other NGOs. states that the more access we have to resources, the more likely youll experience mobilization.
PAN - 1939. republican qualities in favor of free market policies. little govt intervention, want to reduce taxes, follows catholic church, strong family values, pursue international trade, redistrubution of land. PAN and PRD hate PRI (only commonity). 3 groups 1) young catholic activists 2)conservative/middle class professionals 3) entrepeneaurs and landholders
Struggle for Eternity - PANistas voted for 40 yrs, got ideas out, seen as party of sacrifice and martyrs.
Vicente Fox - PAN, voted prez in 2000. peoples dreams and hopes in Fox, no longer a party of opposition, party now has to run things. people voted non pri for fox to win.. VOTO UTIL.
Concertacesion - slang term that combines the words agreement and concession. PAN obtained many of these from the PRI. ex - Guanjuato Gubernational Election - PAN agrees to stpp promoting the fraudulent election if PRI agrees to adress reforms.
Felipe Calderon - current president, PAN, Right of Center with liberal ideas. Forming alliances with big companies. citizens worried if he'll address problems. supports balanced fixcal activities, flat taxes and free trade.
PRD - party of the Dem revolution - 1989. leftist power. funded by prominent members of PRI. made up of smaller leftist groups. big emphasis on womens rights. very unorganized and incapable. liberal rights.
Obrador - Part of PRD. Head of GOV of Federal District 00-05. Lost election in 06. Head of group thats contesting election outcome.
Post Electoral Mobilization - started by PAN in 80s. way to see how many people vote and how they vote. mock trials, protests, etc.
Indegenious Languages - 2550 municipalities. 8th place in world. 60 indian languages. 23% of indigenous speak Nauhatl. 19.7 of municipalities have pop of 70% or more. 30% of munic have pop that is negligable. 46.5% of indigenous municip are marginalized. almost no indigenous speakers in border US mex states.
pigmentocracy - skin color. mestizos = lighter and seen as capitalistic. indios = darker and seen as lazy.