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Old 02-04-2011, 04:38 PM   #20
DeuceWallaces
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Join Date: Jun 2006
Location: State College, PA
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Default Re: BTE.SE Biggest Thread Ever Science Edition

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Degraded lands may serve as biofuel resource

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Short rotation woody biofuel plantations on reclaimed surface mines in Appalachia can diversify domestic energy supplies and facilitate the reforestation of these disturbed lands. This study examined growth, survival, biomass accumulation and allocation, and nitrogen concentrations following two growing seasons in American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L.) and black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) seedlings receiving irrigation, granular fertilization, and irrigation + fertilization compared with untreated controls. Fertilization increased basal diameter, height, and stem mass of American sycamore following two growing seasons. Increased stem production was attributed to accelerated development and not shifts in biomass allocation due to treatment. Irrigation and irrigation + fertilization treatments did not enhance growth or biomass accumulation of American sycamore. Similarly, black locust basal diameter, height, and stem mass did not differ among the treatments. Browse surveys showed that more than 76% of black locust seedlings experienced arrested or retrogressed growth due to browse; less than 3% of American sycamores were browsed. This intensive browse by ungulates, likely including reintroduced elk, may have affected growth differences among species and confounded the effects of treatments on black locust. Survival was unaffected by treatment in both species, but mean survival was greatest in American sycamore (80%) compared to black locust (58%). Per tree total nitrogen uptake was highest in fertilized American sycamore (7.9 g) and lowest in irrigated American sycamore (0.9 g). The results of our study suggest that granular fertilizer applications can accelerate seedling growth on reclaimed surface mines in the Appalachian region.

Brinks, J. S., J. M. Lhotka, et al. (2011). "Effects of fertilization and irrigation on American sycamore and black locust planted on a reclaimed surface mine in Appalachia." Forest Ecology and Management 261(3): 640-648.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=DownloadURL&_method=confirm&_uoikey=B6 T6X-51PH81Y-1&count=1&_docType=FLA&_acct=C000053161&_version=1 &_userid=1497246&md5=60b0e480f53852682b884a3662256 f0e

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